Rainbow news zambia

Historical Background of the Ngololombe and Goteke Traditional Musical Instrument, Nkole, by Senior Chief Mburuma

Historical Background of the Ngololombe and Goteke Traditional Musical Instrument, Nkole, by Senior Chief Mburuma

Historical Background of the Ngololombe and Goteke Traditional Musical Instrument, Nkole, by Senior Chief Mburuma
February 05
07:33 2020

Historical Background of the Ngololombe and Goteke Traditional Musical Instrument, Njole, by Senior Chief Mburuma,…

Posted by Akashambatwa Mbikusita-Lewanika on Tuesday, February 4, 2020

People and Culture

Zambia’s contemporary culture is a blend of values, norms, material and spiritual traditions of more than 70 ethnically diverse people. Most of the tribes of Zambia moved into the area in a series of migratory waves a few centuries ago. They grew in numbers and many travelled in search of establishing new kingdoms, farming land and pastures.

Before the colonial period, the region now known as Zambia was the home of a number of free states. Each having comprehensive economic links with each other and the outside world along trade routes to the east and west coast of Africa. The main exports were copper, ivory and slaves in exchange for textiles, jewellery, salt and hardware.
During the colonial period, the process of industrialisation and urbanisation saw ethnically different people brought together by economic interests. This, as well as the very definite influence of western standards, generated a new culture without conscious effort of politically determined guidelines.
Many of the rural inhabitants however, have retained their indigenous and traditional customs and values. After Independence in 1964, the government recognised the role culture was to play in the overall development of a new nation and began to explore the question of a National identity.
Institutions to protect and promote Zambia’s culture were created, including the National Heritage Conservation Commission. Private museums were also founded and cultural villages were established to promote the expression of artistic talents.
Zambia’s diverse cultures bring with them a wide variety of traditional skills. Crafts can be found in great variety if not in abundance and among them is some of the finest basketry in Africa.
The economy of most of the crafts people is based on fishing, cattle or the cultivation of crops. Craftwork is often done seasonally to supplement the incomes of many families. It was originally intended for barter and made according to the needs of other villagers. To many, especially the subsistence farmers, craftwork is their only means of earning cash.
Traditionally made pots and baskets in the more populated areas however, are being replaced by commercially manufactured utility items made of plastic or tin. A large part of the new generation are losing these traditional skills because of a lessening demand and others have begun to make more modern items like lampshades, shopping and laundry baskets and furniture.
Fortunately there are organisations such as Zintu Handicrafts in Lusaka, the Nayuma Museum in Mongu, the Tonga Museum in Choma and the Moto Moto Museum in Mbala, which aim to stimulate the production of quality craftwork both in traditional forms and where craftwork is a contemporary expression of art.
Basketry, practised by both the men and the women is widespread. The many forms and raw materials used reflect the environment in which they are made: bamboo, liana vines, roots, reeds, grasses, rushes, papyrus palm leaves, bark and sisal. They are decorated with symbolic designs using traditional dyes made from different coloured soils, roots, bark and leaves. The variety of uses for basketry is wide; carrying and storage, fishing traps, beer strainers, flour sieves, sleeping and eating mats and a variety of tableware. The Lozi and Mbunda people in the Western Province are particularly skilled in this field.
It is the men that usually do the woodwork and carving and produce canoes, furniture, walking sticks, utensils and food bowls as well as masks, drums and a variety of animal forms. The potters are usually, though not always women who work the clay and then fire them on open fires or pits.
About Us
Lusaka is one of Zambia‘s ten provinces. The provincial capital is Lusaka, which is also the national capital. It is the smallest with 21,896 km2. In terms of population, Lusaka was the most populated and most densely populated with a population of 2,191,225 and density of 100 persons per km2 as of 2010.



ambia is commonly regarded as one of the most beautiful, friendly, diverse and unspoilt countries on the entire African continent. Aside from the majestic Victoria Falls, Zambia has more natural water resources than any other southern African country, including a myriad of other falls dotted across the country, not to mention the famous Zambezi River. The many National Parks offer great opportunities for observing Africa’s plains game and their attendant predators, whilst bustling urban areas offer a taste of eclectic Zambian culture.



Zambia’s game reserves provide pristine sanctuary to a wide variety of wildlife, and boast some of the best game viewing opportunities in the world. From the North and South Parks on the hippo and croc-infested Luangwa River, to the wide expanse of the Lower Zambezi, the vast and little-explored Kafue. Read More



While Victoria Falls, not surprisingly, tends to steal the limelight, Zambia has an array of wonderful waterfalls, cascades, rapids, cataracts and flumes on the many rich waterways that dissect the country. Read More



Whether it’s the history and sheer size of Lake Tanganyika (the world’s longest lake) that draws you, getting off the beaten track at Lake Mweru, or taking in the secluded beach holiday atmosphere that can be found on the banks of Lake Kariba. Read More



As if all the lakes and waterfalls weren’t enough, Zambia is also home to the magnificent Zambezi River as well as the Luangwa and Kafue river systems, offering great fishing opportunities, adventure activities and canoeing safaris. These are some of the most unspoilt and best-protected rivers on the continent and are home to much of Zambia’s wildlife. Read More



In recent years the expansion of Zambia’s major towns and cities has been rapid and extensive. Lusaka, the capital city, is now one of Africa’s fastest-growing cities, while the historic town of Livingstone has become the ‘adventure capital’ of the whole of Africa. Read More

About Author



Related Articles

1 Comment

  1. editor
    editor Author February 05, 07:34

    Zambian traditional ceremonies
    Zambian TraditioCeremonies.

    1. Central Province

    Ikubi Lya Loongo Mumbwa Senior Chief Shakumbila Sala July
    Kulamba Kubwalo Chibombo Senior chief Mukuni Lenje October
    Musaka Jikubi Mumbwa Chiefs Mumba & Kaindu Kaonde September
    Ikubi Lya Malumbe-Munyama Mumbwa Chief Chibuluma Kaonde Ila October
    Ichibwela Mushi Mkushi Bisa/Swaka/Lala Chiefs Bisa/Swaka/Lala September

    2. Copperbelt Province

    Chabalankata Masaiti Senior Chief Mushili Lamba November
    Ukwilimuna Mpongwe Chieftainess Malembeka Lamba July
    Nsengele Kununka Mpongwe Chief Machiya Lamba November

    3. Eastern Province

    N’cwala Chipata Paramount Chief Mpenzeni Ngoni February
    Kulamba Katete Paramount Chief Kalonga Gawa Undi Chewa August
    Thenga Yyumo Zengani Lundazi Senior Chief Magodi Tumbuka October
    Kulonga Lundazi Chief Mphamba Tumbuka August
    Tuwimba Petauke Senior Chief Kalindawalo Nsenga October
    Malaila Mambwe Senior Chief Nsefu Kunda October

    4. Luapula Province

    Mutomboko Kawambwa Senior Chief Mwata Kazembe Lunda July
    Builile Chienge Senior Chief Puta Bwile September
    Mabila Chienge Senior Chief Mununga Shila October
    Chishinga Malaila Kawambwa Senior Chief Mushota Chishinga October
    Kwanga Samfya Senior Chief Mwewa Ngumbo October
    Chabuka Mansa Chief Matanda Ushi October

    5. Lusaka Province

    Nkhombalyanga Chongwe Chieftainess Shikabeta Soli July
    Dantho Luangwa Chief Mphuka Chikunda September
    Chakwela Makumbi Chongwe Senior Chieftainess Nkhomeshya Soli September
    Mbambara Luangwa Senior Chief Mburuma Nsenga Luzi November
    Chibwela Kumushi Luangwa Chief Bunda Bunda Soli November
    Kailala Kafue Chieftainess Chiawa Goba November
    Chibwela Kumushi Luangwa Chief Mumpashya Soli November

    6. Northern Province

    Ukusefya Pa Ng’wena Mungwi Paramount Chief Chitimukulu Bemba August
    Mutomolo Mbala Mambwe/Lungu Chiefs Example June
    Mukula Pembe Luwingu Senior Chief Chunga Bemba August
    Chisaka Chalubombo Chilubi Island Chief Chiwanangala Bisa September
    Walamo Mpulungu Senior Chief Tafuna Lungu September

    7. Muchinga Province

    Vikamkanimba Isoka Senior Chief Muyombe Tumbuka (Henga) September
    Chinamanongo Mpika Senior Chief Kopa Bisa September
    Insonge Chisanli Senior Chief Chibesakunda Bisa September
    Chambo Chalutanga Isoka Chief Mwenechifungwe Mfungwe September
    Mulasa Nakonde Chieftainess Nawaitwika Namwanga September
    Bisa Malaila Mpika Chief Nabwalya Bisa September
    Kwenje Chama Senior Chief Kambombo Tumbuka October
    Namulinda Isoka Mulekatembo Nyika October
    Ngóndo Isoka Senior Chief Kafwimbi Namwanga November

    8. North Western Province

    Kufukwila Solwezi Chief Mukumbi Kaonde May
    Insakwa yaba Kaonde Solwezi Kaonde Chiefs Kaonde May
    Nsomo Kasempa Senior Chief Kasempa Kaonde June
    Ntongo Mufumbwe Chief kizela Kaonde July
    Ukupupa Solwezi Senior Chief Kalilele lamba July
    Chivweka Kabompo Chief Kalunga Luchazi July
    Kunyata Ntanda Solwezi Chief Kapijimpanga kaonde August
    Likumbi Lya Mize Zambezi Senior Chief Ndungu luvale August
    Lunda Lubanza Zambezi Senior Chief Ishindi Lunda August
    Lubinda Ntongo Solwezi Chief Mumena Kaonde September
    Chisemwa Cha Lunda Mwinilunga Senior Chief Kanongesha Lunda September
    Makundu Mufumbwe Chief Mushima Kaonde September
    Mbunda Liyoyelo Kabompo Chief Chiyengele Mbunda September
    Kuvuluka Kishakulu Solwezi Chief Matebo Kaonde September
    Lukwakwa Kabompo Senior Chief Sikufele Mbunda October
    Chidika Cha Mvula Mwinilunga Chief Kanyama Lunda October
    Lwendela Kasempa Chief Ingwe Kaonde October

    9. Southern Province

    Lwiindi Gonde Monze Chief Monze Tonga July
    Maliko Malindi Lwiindi Sinazongwe Chief Sinazongwe Tonga August
    Musumu Muyumu Kalomo Chief Sipatunyana Tonga August
    Sikaumba Namwala Chief Mukobela Ila August
    Lukuni Luzwa Buuka Kalomo Chief Musokotwane Toka Leya August
    Kasanga Makonda Kazungula Chief Moomba Nkoya September
    Guta Bweenza Bwe Kazungula Chief Nyawa Tonga September
    Shimunenga Namwala Chief Mungaila Ila October
    Chungu Kalomo Chief Chikanta Tonga October
    Maanzi Aabila Lwiindi Kalomo Chief Siachitema Tonga October
    Lwiindi Sekute Kazungula Chief Sekute Toka Leya October
    Bagande Siavonga Chief Simamba Tonga November
    Koombaze Kamakonde Kalomo Chief Simwatachela Tonga November
    Bene Mukuni Kazungula Chief Mukuni Toka Leya July & December

    10. Western Province

    Kuomboka Mongu Paramount Chief the Litunga Lozi March
    Kuomboka Nalolo Senanga Litunga La Mboela Lozi May
    Kuomboka Libonda Kalabo Chieftainess Mboanjikana Lozi May
    Kazanga Kaoma Chief Mutondo and Kahare Nkoya July
    Lyenya kalabo Chief Mwene Mundu Mbunda August

    Stub icon This Zambia-related article * is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.
    Stub icon This article about a tradition is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.
    Last edited 3 months ago by an anonymous user
    Western Province
    Disambiguation page providing links to topics that could be referred to by the same search term

    List of railway stations in Sri Lanka
    Wikimedia list article

    List of railway stations in Sri Lanka by line
    Wikimedia list article


    Reply to this comment

Write a Comment