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António Guterres, 9th United Nations Secretary-General since Sunday 1st January 2017

António Guterres, 9th United Nations Secretary-General since Sunday 1st January 2017

June 28
11:12 2017

Biography=António Guterres

Portrait of United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres, at UN Headquarters in New York
United Nations Secretary-General, António Guterres
UN Photo/Mark Garten

António Guterres, the ninth Secretary-General of the United Nations, took office on Sunday 1st January 2017.
 Having witnessed the suffering of the most vulnerable people on earth, in refugee camps and in war zones, the Secretary-General is determined to make human dignity the core of his work, and to serve as a peace broker, a bridge-builder and a promoter of reform and innovation.

Prior to his appointment as Secretary-General, Mr. Guterres served as United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees from June 2005 to December 2015,  heading one of the world’s foremost humanitarian organizations during some of the most serious displacement crises in decades. The conflicts in Syria and Iraq, and the crises in South Sudan, the Central African Republic and Yemen, led to a huge rise in UNHCR’s activities as the number of people displaced by conflict and persecution rose from 38 million in 2005 to over 60 million in 2015.

Before joining UNHCR, Mr. Guterres spent more than 20 years in government and public service. He served as prime minister of Portugal from 1995 to 2002, during which time he was heavily involved in the international effort to resolve the crisis in East Timor.

As president of the European Council in early 2000, he led the adoption of the Lisbon Agenda for growth and jobs, and co-chaired the first European Union-Africa summit. He was a member of the Portuguese Council of State from 1991 to 2002.

Mr. Guterres was elected to the Portuguese Parliament in 1976 where he served as a member for 17 years. During that time, he chaired the Parliamentary Committee for Economy, Finance and Planning, and later the Parliamentary Committee for Territorial Administration, Municipalities and Environment. He was also leader of his party’s parliamentary group.

From 1981 to 1983, Mr. Guterres was a member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, where he chaired the Committee on Demography, Migration and Refugees.

For many years Mr. Guterres was active in the Socialist International, a worldwide organization of social democratic political parties. He was the group’s vice-president from 1992 to 1999, co-chairing the African Committee and later the Development Committee. He served as President from 1999 until mid-2005. In addition, he founded the Portuguese Refugee Council as well as the Portuguese Consumers Association DECO, and served as president of the Centro de Acção Social Universitário, an association carrying out social development projects in poor neighbourhoods of Lisbon, in the early 1970s.

Mr. Guterres is a member of the Club of Madrid, a leadership alliance of democratic former presidents and prime ministers from around the world.

Mr. Guterres was born in Lisbon in 1949 and graduated from the Instituto Superior Técnico with a degree in engineering. He is fluent in Portuguese, English, French and Spanish. He is married to Catarina de Almeida Vaz Pinto, Deputy Mayor for Culture of Lisbon, and has two children, a stepson and three grandchildren.

Former Secretaries-General

Under the Charter, the Secretary-General is appointed by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.

Mr. Guterres’ predecessors as Secretary-General were: Ban Ki-moon (Korea) who served from January 2007 to December 2016; Kofi Annan (Ghana) who held office from January 1997 to December 2006; Boutros Boutros-Ghali (Egypt), who held office from January 1992 to December 1996; Javier Pèrez de Cuèllar (Peru), who served from January 1982 to December 1991; Kurt Waldheim (Austria), who held office from January 1972 to December 1981; U Thant (Burma, now Myanmar), who served from November 1961, when he was appointed acting Secretary-General (he was formally appointed Secretary-General in November 1962) to December 1971; Dag Hammarskjöld (Sweden), who served from April 1953 until his death in a plane crash in Africa in September 1961; and Trygve Lie (Norway), who held office from February 1946 to his resignation in November 1952.

portrait of former Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

Ban Ki-moon (Korea)

Term of Office: 2007-2016

portrait of former Secretary-General Kofi Annan

Kofi Annan (Ghana)

Term of Office: 1997-2006

portrait of former Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali

Boutros Boutros-Ghali (Egypt)

Term of Office: 1992-1996

 

portrait of former Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar

Javier Perez de Cuellar (Peru)

Term of Office: 1982-1991

portrait of former Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim

Kurt Waldheim (Austria)

Term of Office: 1972-1981

portrait of former Secretary-General U Thant

U Thant (Myanmar)

Term of Office: 1961-1971

 

portrait of former Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld

Dag Hammarskjöld (Sweden)

Term of Office: 1953-1961

Commemoration

portrait of former Secretary-General Trygve Lie

Trygve Lie (Norway)

Term of Office: 1946-1952

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